Die protestantische Ethik und der ‘Geist’ des Kapitalismus original cover. Max Weber, a Calvinism vs lutheranism essay sociologist, economist, and politician. In 1998, the International Sociological Association listed this work as the fourth most important sociological book of the 20th century.
It is the 8th most cited book in the social sciences published before 1950. Religious devotion, Weber argues, is usually accompanied by a rejection of worldly affairs, including the pursuit of wealth and possessions. Remember, that money is the prolific, generating nature. Money can beget money, and its offspring can beget more, and so on.
Weber notes that this is not a philosophy of mere greed, but a statement laden with moral language. Indeed, Franklin claims that God revealed the usefulness of virtue to him. A common illustration is that of a cobbler, hunched over his work, who devotes his entire effort to the praise of God. To emphasize the work ethic in Protestantism relative to Catholics, he notes a common problem that industrialists face when employing precapitalist laborers: Agricultural entrepreneurs will try to encourage time spent harvesting by offering a higher wage, with the expectation that laborers will see time spent working as more valuable and so engage it longer. It is particularly advantageous in technical occupations for workers to be extremely devoted to their craft. To view the craft as an end in itself, or as a “calling” would serve this need well.