This article is about the women’s organization. For the Grant Wood painting, georgia united daughters of the confederacy essay contest Daughters of Revolution.
A non-profit group, they promote historic preservation, education, and patriotism. The Founders of the Daughters of the American Revolution sculpture honors the four founders of the DAR. In 1889 the centennial of President George Washington’s inauguration was celebrated, and Americans looked for additional ways to recognize their past. Out of the renewed interest in United States history, numerous patriotic and preservation societies were founded. The first DAR chapter was organized on October 11, 1890, at the Strathmore Arms, the home of Mary Smith Lockwood, one of the DAR’s four co-founders. The First Lady, Caroline Lavina Scott Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison, lent her prestige to the founding of DAR, and served as its first President General.
Having initiated a renovation of the White House, she was interested in historic preservation. The DAR chapters raised funds to initiate a number of historic preservation and patriotic endeavors. They began a practice of installing markers at the graves of Revolutionary War veterans to indicate their service, and adding small flags at their gravesites on Memorial Day. Other activities included commissioning and installing monuments to battles and other sites related to the War. The DAR recognized women patriots’ contributions as well as those of soldiers. In addition to installing markers and monuments, DAR chapters have purchased, preserved and operated historic houses and other sites associated with the war. In 1932 the DAR adopted a rule excluding African-American musicians from performing at DAR Constitution Hall in response to complaints by some members against “mixed seating”, as both blacks and whites were attracted to concerts of black artists.
In October 1945, the DAR invited First Lady Bess Truman to a tea at the hall, which she accepted. Congressman Powell protested and asked Truman not to attend the tea. Other letters supported her attendance at the tea. During the period of segregation and exclusion, in 1936 Sol Hurok, the manager of noted singer Marian Anderson, an African-American contralto, tried to book her at the DAR Constitution Hall. The First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt invited Anderson to the White House to perform especially for her and President Roosevelt.