research paper

Scientific research paper reference format

Scientific research paper reference format students writing in these disciplines can use this guide. A copy of this manual is available in all IRSC campus libraries. This is the required style manual text for biological sciences courses at IRSC. A copy of this guide is available at the Main and Pruitt Campus Libraries.

The biology department at IRSC recommends CSE format for papers written in the biological sciences. Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper. The CSE Manual describes 3 different systems for citing within the text of a document: citation-sequence, name-year, and citation-name. Note: The manual favors the citation-name system, so examples in the book usually follow that format. The sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper, much like APA or MLA style. The CSE Manual suggests using the title, “End References”, for the list. This guide is provided by the IRSC libraries.

Always ask your instructor for specific directions pertaining to your assignment. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 3. How do you know when you have enough information in your abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing a similar study.

Then ask yourself: if your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the amount of information presented there? Does it tell the whole story about your study? How to Write a Research Abstract. What Today’s Students Need to Know about Writing Abstracts. To begin, you need to determine which type of abstract you should include with your paper. A critical abstract provides, in addition to describing main findings and information, a judgment or comment about the study’s validity, reliability, or completeness.