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Sociology term paper outline

Selective Incapacitation” strategies raise the issue of the fairness of prediction-based sentencing. Some recent advocates of such strategies have argued that predictive sentencing is just, sociology term paper outline the criteria for prediction coincide or overlap with the criteria for deserved punishment. In October 1982, the Rand Corporation published Selective Incapacitation, a sentencing proposal based on seven years of research by a team of Rand researchers under the direction of Peter Greenwood. If implemented in its purest form, he says, selective incapacitation could result both in a net reduction of crime in the community and in the number of offenders who would need to be incarcerated.

The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. Recent sentencing proposals for the selective incapacitation of criminal offenders have generated a great deal of enthusiasm and controversy. The controversy stems from two sources: concerns of science and of ethics. This article describes the selective incapacitation proposal and the scientific and ethical controversies it has generated. Are Idle Hands the Devil’s Workshop? Incapacitation, Concentration, and Juvenile Crime – Jacob B.

Abstract: This paper examines the short-term effect of school on juvenile crime. To do so, we bring together daily measures of criminal activity and detailed school calendar information from 29 jurisdictions across the country, and utilize the plausibly exogenous variation generated by teacher in-service days. Our findings suggest that both incapacitation and concentration influence juvenile crime. Deterrence and Incapacitation: An Interrupted Time-Series Analysis of California’s Three Strikes law – Ramirez J. Source: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Volume 33, Number 1, 1 January 2003. Abstract: Using uniform crime statistics, this research investigates the impact of California’s three-strikes law on instrumental, violent, minor, and drug-related crimes over the first 5 years of the law’simplementation.

Three-strikes laws are statutes in the United States which mandate state courts to impose harsher sentences on habitual offenders who are convicted of three or more serious criminal offenses. Does the economic model of optimal punishment explain the variation in the sentencing of murderers? As the model predicts, we find that murderers with a high expected probability of criminal recidivism receive longer sentences. Sentences are longest in murder types where apprehension rates are low, and where deterrence elasticities appear to be high. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. Piquero, Northeastern University, Alfred Blumstein, Carnegie Mellon University, Robert Brame, University of Maryland, Rudy Haapanen, California Youth Authority, Edward P.

Nagin, Carnegie Mellon University, Journal of Adolescent Research, Vol. The authors examine the potential effect of accounting for exposure time by examining the arrests of 272 serious offenders who were paroled at age 18 and followed through age 33. Sex Offender Laws: Can Treatment, Punishment, Incapacitation, and Public Safety be Reconciled? Mary Ann Farkas, Amy Stichman – Criminal Justice Review, Vol. Sex offenders are viewed a unique type of criminal offender, particularly as more “objectionable,’ less treatable, more dangerous, and more likely to recidivate. We conclude that, even though treatment is an implicit rationale in the laws’ provisions, punishment, incapacitation, and public safety are the ostensive purposes of these special laws and policies directed toward sex offenders. Misty Kifer, Craig Hemmens, Mary K.